Anxiety or panic attack: 5 common causes and treatment

Updated: Sep 22, 2020

Have you ever felt a sudden palpitation, nausea, dizziness, sweating, trembling, chills, or hot flushes which lead you to have a fear of choking, fear of losing control, fear of having a heart attack, or a fear of death??

The state of having unreasonable fear is the symptom of anxiety or panic attacks. Having trepidation of something is extremely normal, but if that feeling becomes so vigorous that the patient has an impression he is going to puke, to faint, or to go insane. That is not normal and needs treatment.

Anxiety patients are not able to verbalize what they precisely fear in particular. Consequently, they get more frightened that it would transpire again. It is essential to understand the reasons for this noetic condition and learn to control the nerves. Here I share a few possible causes for anxiety disorder and how it affects a human.

5 most common causes and treatments for an anxiety attack:

  1. Stress

  2. Humiliation

  3. Sickness/illness

  4. Genetics

  5. Appearance/body shaming


Stress is the most common and vital reasons of anxiety these days. It could be extreme mental, financial, or physical, all starts affecting a human very deeply. Nowadays, in a competitive world, everyone experiences stress or is exhausted at one time or another. An anxiety or panic attack is a reaction to extreme stress. Whether in good times or lamentable, most people accept that stress interferes moderately with their lives.

The best way to deal with excess stress is to get engaged in your hobbies in leisure time. Either listening to music, dancing, meditation, proper sleep, or watching movies, all works as a stress releaser, and obviate getting a panic attack.


Criticism or humiliation both are very much responsible for getting a person into a panicking phase. In recent studies, it was found that most high school or college students start getting affected by this Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD). Kids with such conditions have a fear of being judged or scrutinized by others, especially in social situations. It is very conspicuously kenned that nobody likes to be judged or criticized in any scenario.

Public humiliation, sometimes leads to severe mental health problems, particularly when a person often faces the same bunch of people. Generalized anxiety or depression is common among people who have experienced public humiliation, and rigorous forms of mortification. That also becomes a huge obstruction in pursuing one's goals by diminishing their self-confidence.

To deal with humiliation one has to understand that he/she is not solitary. Mostly everyone faces critics in some or the other way. You need to be resilient and positive to avoid getting wallowed in your phase of humiliation.


Being sick or feeling low, sometimes creates a very negative impact on a person's life. People start thinking that they are not going to recover and that thinking take them to deep trauma which causes anxiety.

Certainly, when a person starts depending on others due to their sickness, that idea of not being able to handle themselves alone leaves a drastic noetic effect.

That also brings a person to a fear of life, excessive worry of having or getting a serious illness, which is also called illness anxiety disorder (IAD). IAD can also trigger worries in people who do have a physical illness, that they are sicker than they really are. There are two types of illness anxiety: care-seeking and care-avoidant. People often present with a mixture of the two types – switching between excessively seeking medical care and information at certain times, and avoiding it at other times.

The disorder is not about the presence or absence of illness, but the psychological reaction.

The most effective treatment for illness anxiety is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and Exposure with Response Prevention (ERP), which needs to be done by specialists. However, one can cure itself by being positive and indulging in some mindfulness exercises.


According to research, you are more likely to develop an anxiety disorder if another member of your family has a history of severe anxiety. It is also denoted that anxiety disorder has a heritability rate of 26% for lifetime occurrence, which means 26% of people develop anxiety or panic attacks due to their genetics.

However, it is also noticed that adults who are raised by parents with anxiety disorders, learn to manage anxiety with effective stress management techniques. If you are a parent with anxiety, the earlier you teach your kid about this, the better.

Types of anxiety disorder

Appearance/Body shaming

Appearance plays a significant role in building confidence. The fear of looking unattractive lays down that self-assurance.  People with excess weight or marks of aging sometimes get trapped by social appearance anxiety. This particularly captures people who are involved in showbiz or frequent socializing activities. However, it is not generalized with body shaming or aging only, it could be a complexion, hair, or sometimes even height, that describes your appearance. Individuals with social appearance anxiety experience a fear of negative evaluation by others, which triggers the deep apprehensiveness.

The idea of being positive about your looks and flaunt the weak areas in your emergence could avert getting solicitous about it. Understanding the value of being you, amazingly helps in dealing with people's reproval on appearance. 

Anxiety disorder leads to extreme sleep problems, and new research suggests sleep deprivation can cause an anxiety disorder. Both go in parallel to create serious psychological issues in the human body. Therefore, it requires complete treatment from a specialist.

Check out the article on the difference between depression and anxiety


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